JEAIL > Volume 12(1); 2019 > Notes & Comments
Research Paper
Published online: May 30, 2019

P. C. Chang’s Concept of Human Dignity for the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Pinghua Sun
China University of Political Science and Law, 25, Xitucheng Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100088 P. R. China.
Corresponding Author:

ⓒ Copyright YIJUN Institute of International Law
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

In the early days of the UN, human rights was one of the most pressing issues. After the UN Commission on Human Rights was established, the international community began to draft the UDHR. By exploring UN archives, this paper finds that during that process, Pengchun Chang (P. C. Chang), the Chinese representative, drew heavily on his view that human dignity was the raison d’être of human rights, and as a consequence recognition of the importance of human dignity was a key element in the UDHR eventually adopted. I conclude that Chang was skilled in his advocacy of the recognition of human dignity as he persuaded people to reach a consensus on human rights standards, providing a common standard for all peoples and all nations. This paper will mainly ask: What was the role of human dignity in P. C. Chang’s idea on human rights? What role can we say human dignity played? How did the UDHR treat the issue of human dignity?

Keywords : Human Dignity, Human Rights, P. C. Chang, UDHR, Traditional Chinese Culture

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