JEAIL > Volume 13(1); 2020 > East Asian Observer
Research Paper
Published online: May 30, 2020

Toward a New Salvage Regime for Environment: Reformation of the International Convention on Salvage 1989 and Thailand’s Implementation

Patthara Limsira
Ramkhamhaeng University, Bang Kapi, Huamark, Bangkok 10240 Thailand.
Corresponding Author:

ⓒ Copyright YIJUN Institute of International Law
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

The Salvage Convention 1989 establishes the main international legal framework dealing with salvage operations and environmental protection. It is the result of many years of drafting and diplomatic efforts where the treaty was negotiated and concluded. It is undeniable that the Salvage Convention 1989 has encouraged private sector and public authorities to establish and maintain the resources needed to contain ecological damage. This was an important accomplishment. Providing adequate incentives for rapid salvage operation adds to the traditional rewards. Nevertheless, the problems of updating the provisions of the Salvage Convention 1989 need to be addressed and the path ahead is still long and winding. In particular, the importance of environmental considerations is increasingly significant. As a result, modern salvage operations must also take into account measures to prevent damage to the environment. Today’s international community is searching for a new salvage regime and law. This paper examines the possibility of building the new salvage regime and its implementation in Thailand.

Keywords : Salvage Convention 1989, Thailand, Lloyd’s Open Form, IMO, Marine Salvage Act

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