JEAIL > Volume 13(2); 2020 > Regional Focus
Research Paper
Published online: Nov. 30, 2020

Qualifying Cyber Crime as a Crime of Aggression in International Law

Maskun, Achmad, Naswar, Hasbi Assidiq, Armelia Syafira, Marthen Napang, Marcel Hendrapati
Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km.10 Makassar, 90245. Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia.
Corresponding Author:

ⓒ Copyright YIJUN Institute of International Law
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Today’s technological developments have resulted in the emergence of various new crimes threatening the international community. In recent decades, there have been various forms of cybercrimes targeted at the communication networks and defense systems of countries by other countries, known as cyber warfare. Unfortunately, international law has not specified this as a crime, but its impact has caused violations of sovereignty and disruption of national security, resulting in material loss, breakdown of communication networks and obstruction of social and public services based on the internet, such as what happened in Estonia in 2007. This article is a normative study that analyzes the elements of cybercrime relating to threats to a country’s security. The modification of the cybercrime concept is necessary to designate cybercrimes as crimes of aggression amid technological development to maintain stability in the international community.

Keywords : Cybercrime, Crime of Aggression, Cyber Warfare, NATO Cyber Defense Action Plan, Violation of Sovereignty

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