JEAIL > Volume 14(2); 2021 > Issue Focus
Research Paper
Published online: Nov. 30, 2021

Domestic Legal System of the Yellow Sea States for the Prevention of Vessel-Source Pollution under the UNCLOS: A Comparative Legal Study

Junghwan Choi
Dalian Maritime University
Law School, Dalian Maritime University, No.1 Liaoning Road, Dalian, Liaoning 116026, P.R. China.
Corresponding Author:

ⓒ Copyright YIJUN Institute of International Law
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

As a semi-enclosed sea, the Yellow Sea is shared by costal states such as China, South Korea and North Korea which have common interests in this maritime area. This situation requires special attention and mutual efforts for the protection and preservation of the coastal waters and marine ecosystem. The Yellow Sea contains many shipping routes, and it is potentially exposed to the risks of vessel-source pollution. This research has examined how the Yellow Sea states have implemented the International Maritime Organisation conventions relating to vessel-source pollution at the domestic level through a comparative legal study. The objective of this research is to understand current national laws of the Yellow Sea states dealing with the prevention of vessel-source pollution and to emphasize the necessity of regional efforts and cooperation to implement global regulatory instruments in order to protect and preserve the marine environment from the threats of international shipping activities.

Keywords : Vessel-Source Pollution, Semi-enclosed Sea, Marine Environmental Protection Law, Ocean Protection Law, Marine Environment Management Act

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