JEAIL > Volume 15(2); 2022 > Articles
Research Paper
Published online: Nov. 30, 2022

Inflation Reduction Act’s Clean Vehicle Provisions: Analysis of Potential International Trade Law Violations

Soojin Nam
Hankuk University of Foreign Studies
HUFS Dept. of International Trade, 107, Imun-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 02450 Korea.
Corresponding Author:

ⓒ Copyright YIJUN Institute of International Law
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( University Law School, 100 Inharo, Michuhol-gu, Incheon 22212 Korea. / nses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

The United States’ Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) introduces new eligibility requirements for existing USD 7,500 tax-credit provided to electric vehicles. The new requirements condition the credit upon North American final assembly and North American-sourced materials and components. As tensions flare between the US and China, these new local content requirements reflect the US’s effort to establish a supply chain for electric vehicles that circumvents China. The blow, however, is felt elsewhere, namely by South Korean auto makers whose electric vehicle models are no longer eligible for the significant tax-credit necessary to compete in the American market. As South Korea considers submitting a complaint to relevant international bodies, this paper dissects the IRA’s relevant provisions and analyzes the applicability of international trade law rules of the WTO and the Korea-US Free Trade Agreement to the new local content requirements of the IRA.

Keywords : Inflation Reduction Act, Clean Vehicle Subsidy, National Treatment, Local Content Requirement, KORUS FTA

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