JEAIL > Volume 16(1); 2023 > East Asian Observer
Research Paper
Published online: May 30, 2023

The Non-Discrimination Principle and the National Security Exception under GATT Article XXI: An Analysis of the Revocation of Russia’s Most-Favoured-Nation Status by the US and Its Allie

Duong Anh Son & Tran Vang-Phu
Can Tho University, Vietnam.
3-2 Street, Xuan Khanh District, Can Tho City, Vietnam.
Corresponding Author:

ⓒ Copyright YIJUN Institute of International Law
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( University Law School, 100 Inharo, Michuhol-gu, Incheon 22212 Korea. / nses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Non-discrimination is a fundamental principle of the World Trade Organization (WTO), which promotes global trade with the goal of eradicating hunger, reducing poverty, and ensuring global prosperity. According to the WTO rules, members are required to give other members most-favoured-nation and national treatment. Due to the military conflict between the Russian Federation and Ukraine, the United States, European Union, and several other member countries suspended most-favoured-nation treatment for Russian goods in mid-March 2022. This study examines the principle of non-discrimination under the WTO provisions, identifies relevant exceptions, analyses the Russia-Traffic in Transit case, and evaluates the appropriateness of the above actions by the US and others. Finally, this paper concludes that the US and its allies failed to present concrete evidence demonstrating a direct and causal relationship between the military situation in Ukraine and their own essential interests under Article XXI of GATT 1994

Keywords : Non-Discrimination, Most-Favoured Nation Treatment, International Trade, United States, Russia, WTO

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