JEAIL > Volume 16(2); 2023 > Notes & Comments
Research Paper
Published online: November 30, 2023

Nexus between Biodiversity beyond National Jurisdiction and Extended Continental Shelf: The Need for Sui Generis Status in Overlapping Jurisdiction

Aryuni Yuliantiningsih & Ade Maman Suherman & Noer Indriati & Wismaningsih & Baginda Khalid Hidayat Jati & Kartono
Universitas Jenderal Soedirman Faculty of Law
Unsoed, Jl. H>R. Bunyamin, No 708, Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia.
Corresponding Author:

ⓒ Copyright YIJUN Institute of International Law
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( University Law School, 100 Inharo, Michuhol-gu, Incheon 22212 Korea. / nses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

The legal status of Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ) has been regulated through the High Seas Treaty as a common heritage of humankind. However, there still exist problems related to overlapping areas above the Extended Continental Shelf (ECS). In such areas, a significant continental shelf would fall within national jurisdiction, whereas the water column would be under the regime of the high seas, and BBNJ would be the common heritage of humankind. We argue that, in order to address the overlapping of areas within the superjacent waters in the ECS, a given sui generis status is required, so that the coastal state has a sovereign right to conserve the BBNJ in these areas. This study concludes that the sui generis arrangement should be implemented in the context of an overlapping ECS and its water column. The efforts of the Indonesian government to extend the continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles constitute an important step in preserving natural resources for future generations.

Keywords : BBNJ, Extended Continental Shelf, Sui Generis, UNCLOS, Indonesia, High Seas Treaty

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