JEAIL > Volume 16(2); 2023 > Regional Focus & Controversies
Research Paper
Published online: November 30, 2023

Legal Protection of Internally Displaced Persons due to Climate Change Disaster in Indonesia

Natalia Yeti Puspita & Yanti Fristikawati & Piter Zunimik
Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia.
IJ Kasimo Building 3rd Floor, Jalan Jenderal Sudirman Kav. 51, South Jakarta, Indonesia, 12930.
Corresponding Author:

ⓒ Copyright YIJUN Institute of International Law
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( University Law School, 100 Inharo, Michuhol-gu, Incheon 22212 Korea. / nses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Indonesia is a disaster-prone archipelagic country and one of the world's largest emitters. Climate change has increased the risk of disasters in Indonesia, such as rising sea levels leading to floods. This is undoubtedly a threat to the Indonesian population in coastal areas and small islands. They will be forced to become Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) if sea levels continue to rise and drown their houses. The number of IDPs in Indonesia has increased significantly in recent years. While IDPs have a legal status and are entitled to protection from the state, there is unfortunately no specific provision for IDPs due to climate disasters in Indonesia. This article examines the legal protection afforded to IDPs in Indonesia as a result of climate-related disasters; deals with the existing legal framework for IDPs; and assesses its adequacy in addressing the specific challenges faced by climate-related IDPs.

Keywords : Legal Protection, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), Climate Change Disasters, Indonesia

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