JEAIL > Volume 8(2); 2015 > Regional Focus & Controversies
Research Paper
Published online: November 30, 2015

Treaty on the Wall, Who is the Fairest One of All: The Canada-China Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement

Francois LeSieur
King Street West, Suite #5700, Toronto, ON M5X 1C7 Canada
Corresponding Author:

ⓒ Copyright YIJUN Institute of International Law
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Canada and China's new Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement ("CC-FIPA") came into force on October 1, 2014. This work discusses some of the main benefits to be gained from building stronger investment relations between Canada-China, as well as a Canadian perspective on the main investment risks that are most likely to impede either country from achieving the full potential in their investment relations. Against this backdrop, this work then examines those provisions in the CC-FIPA that are most central to promoting Canada-China investment benefits, as well as those provisions that are most relevant to protecting against the investment risks in Canada-China relations.

Keywords : CC-FIPA, BITs, Canada-China Relations, FDI, Risks of Investment, Expropriation, Nationalization, SOEs, ICA

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